In the realm of law enforcement, the authority to detain and arrest individuals is pivotal for investigating criminal conduct, yet it deeply affects personal freedom. The legal framework aims to balance these enforcement capabilities, ensuring they facilitate criminal investigations without infringing excessively on individual rights and freedoms.

The Distinction Between Detention and Arrest

Detention serves as a preliminary measure, allowing officers to hold someone temporarily without formal charges to gather additional information. Arrest, however, escalates the situation, involving formal charges that significantly affect a person's liberties. This distinction becomes particularly nuanced in dynamic environments like traffic stops, where rapid, evolving decisions are necessary.

If you find yourself facing criminal charges, consider reaching out for a complimentary consultation with a criminal lawyer by calling (855) 585-1777.

Navigating Arrest Warrants

Arrest warrants serve as a crucial tool to ensure the presence of an accused individual in court. The Criminal Code specifies the conditions and powers under which such warrants are issued. A judge's approval, signified by their signature, is mandatory for issuing an arrest warrant. Approval is based on police-provided evidence of the individual's involvement in criminal activities and details the accused's identity or description and the reason for their arrest.

Arrest warrants remain active until carried out and do not require a predetermined expiry date. They are meant for execution by peace officers within the issuing authority's jurisdiction and, under specific conditions, anywhere in Canada. Execution can be deferred by a judge or justice, allowing for voluntary appearance by the accused, at which point the warrant is considered fulfilled.

Special Circumstances and Considerations

  • Youth Justice: Warrants from youth court justices have nationwide applicability, ensuring consistency across jurisdictions.
  • Delayed Arrests: Intentionally delaying the execution of arrest warrants, especially when the accused is serving another sentence or is easily locatable, is discouraged and may lead to accusations of unreasonable delay, affecting the right to a speedy trial.

Facing criminal charges? Dial (855) 585-1777 for a free initial consultation with a criminal lawyer, who can guide you through these challenging times with expert advice and representation.

Arrest Procedure Explained

At the beginning of an arrest, officers will confirm their authority before notifying you of your arrest and its reasons. An officer may physically assert control in a non-threatening manner, such as a hand on the shoulder, followed by a clear explanation of your rights to ensure understanding.

You'll have the chance to contact a criminal lawyer, with police assistance available to facilitate this. Expect a safety search and likely handcuffing before transport. Further searches may occur subsequently.

Your specific situation will dictate whether you're released immediately or taken to a station for further detention and questioning. It's vital to know that while you must provide your legal name, you're not compelled to offer more information or answer additional questions.

Validity of Arrest

An arrest's legitimacy is based on the arresting officer's belief, supported by reasonable grounds, and isn't negated by the case's eventual outcome. It's evaluated based on the information available at the time of the arrest.

Your Rights Upon Arrest

Your Right to a Lawyer

Immediate notification of your right to legal counsel is mandatory, including access to duty counsel for initial advice and information on Legal Aid for those unable to afford a lawyer. You must be given a genuine opportunity to secure legal representation and allowed private, prompt communication with your lawyer upon request.

Your Right to Remain Silent

Being informed promptly of your right to silence is crucial. Apart from your legal name, you're not required to give any statements or answer further questions.

Don’t Face Your Criminal Charge Unaided

A seasoned criminal defence lawyer is vital when dealing with a criminal charge. They can guide you through the legal maze, safeguard your rights, and devise a robust defence strategy specific to your case.

Get a Free Legal Consultation With a Criminal Lawyer

Do not hesitate to contact us if you have been accused of a criminal offence. Call (855) 585-1777 and a skilled criminal defence lawyer will review your case with you and consider your alternatives.

Scroll to Top